The University of Washington Nanopore Sequencing Core provides DNA and RNA sequencing services on the Oxford Nanopore Technologies (ONT) platform. For collaborators, we perform library preparation and sequencing from a variety of sample inputs, including blood, saliva, buccal swab, cell pellet, and direct DNA or RNA submissions.
This page provides detailed information on available services and on how to prepare, package, and ship your samples. Before submitting samples, we ask that you please contact us for a consultation.
Overview of our Sample Submission Process:
Nanopore sequencing is a third-generation sequencing technology that allows for analysis of DNA and RNA sequences without amplification or modification. As nucleic acids pass through protein nanopores, changes in electric current are detected and subsequently decoded into bases, preserving methylation and modifications to the original sequences. With the GridION and PromethION instruments, we generate high-quality datasets with average read lengths of 10–60 kb, suitable for many long-read applications such as de novo assembly, structural variant discovery, splice variant discovery, and methylation analysis.
DNA extraction and purification services are available on some material inputs, including cell pellets, saliva, buccal swabs, and blood. Please see Sample Preparation below for more detail. Contact us to discuss tissue extractions.
For all samples: DNA will be quantified using the Qubit, a NanoDrop will be used to assess possible extraction carryover and RNA content (260:230 and 260:280 ratios, respectively), and the Agilent Femto Pulse system is used to evaluate DNA for quality and fragment length. Shearing and size selection are performed only if necessary.
Library prep depends on the type of sample being sequenced. We typically use a ligation library prep for DNA sequencing and a cDNA prep for RNA sequencing. We are happy to sequence already prepared libraries, however because we cannot do our typical QC on those, their performance will likely vary. Please let us know if you would like to submit already prepped libraries for sequencing.
We offer genome sequencing on the GridION and PromethION platforms. Similar read lengths are achievable on both platforms. Libraries sequenced on the GridION platform require lower input material and typically produce 10–30 Gbase sequence datasets. When higher throughput is required, the PromethION platform is a more robust option. PromethION libraries may produce more than 120 Gbase datasets (~40x coverage of the human genome).
The raw signal output for all samples will be transformed into nucleotide base calls using Guppy.
Our standard analysis pipeline calls 5mC modifications when sequencing native DNA. The calls will be provided as tags in the unaligned bam files that are returned when sequencing is complete.
We almost always recommend whole-genome over targeted sequencing, however in select instances, targeted sequencing might be preferred. During your consultation, we will discuss with you if this approach might fit your needs.
We can help you determine which sequencing services are right for your project. Contact us to set up a consultation and to recieve an estimate.
|Service||Internal UW*||External Academic or Nonprofit||Industry|
|HMW gDNA Extraction from Blood or Cells||$157.41||$186.87||$218.35|
|HMW gDNA Extraction from Saliva||$280.56||$333.08||$389.20|
|SRE Size Selection||$171.29||$203.36||$237.62|
|BluePippin Cleanup and Size Selection||$194.95||$231.44||$270.43|
|Ligation Library Prep||$354.54||$420.91||$491.82|
|Rapid Sequencing Library Prep||$361.23||$428.85||$501.09|
|cDNA Library Prep||$317.03||$376.38||$439.78|
|Direct RNA Sequencing Library Prep||$388.82||$461.60||$539.37|
|Sequencing materials and time on the PromethION||$956.13||$1,135.11||$1326.34|
|Sequencing materials and time on the GridION||$1,079.18||$1,281.20||$1497.04|
|Analysis (per Project)||$539.06||$639.97||$747.78|
*Staff and faculty at the University of Washington paying with a UW budget number receive the Internal rate; all others are charged the External or Industry rate. BBI members at UW, SCH, SCRI and FHCC receive a discount off the respective rate. The average total Internal cost per sample (including DNA extraction) is about $1600, while the average External cost is about $1900. Rates are subject to change without notice.
Genome coverage and read length distributions in your aligned data are highly dependent on the quality of input material. While ~40x coverage of the human genome may be achieved with one PromethION flow cell, poor quality DNA will not yield these results. If submitting old, highly fragmented, or otherwise degraded DNA, you should expect ~10–20x coverage. The following guidelines will help ensure you receive the highest quality data possible.
We currently accept cell pellets, saliva samples, buccal swabs, and blood sample inputs, as well as DNA and RNA submissions. For other sample types, please inquire directly. Follow the guidelines below for your specific sample type.
Please submit between 1 x 10e5 and 1 x 10e7 cells per pellet. Cells must be frozen as pellets in conical tubes. Microcentrifuge tubes should be double-packed into larger conical tubes and shipped in a polystyrene box filled at least halfway with dry ice. Send these samples using next-day delivery service, for delivery between 10:30 am – 4:30 pm.*
Saliva and buccal swabs collected using DNA genotek kits can be shipped at room temperature in padded envelopes. Our current extraction protocol uses PrepIT.L2P.
Our recommendation for stabilizing blood samples is to use a PAXgene blood DNA tube. PAXgene tubes can be shipped to us at room temperature within one week of collection. They can be shipped frozen within 2 months of collection. Frozen PAXgene tubes should be shipped horizontally.
If PAXgene tubes are not available, blood must be stabilized with EDTA, citrate, or heparin in a vacutainer. If possible, blood should not be frozen. If blood must be frozen and shipped, it should be flash frozen quickly after collection and shipped on dry ice.
Please inquire directly about pick up or delivery of fresh samples.
Our current extraction protocol uses the Monarch® HMW DNA Extraction Kit for Cells & Blood with 500 µL to 2 mL input.
For DNA submission, please run a standard or pulsed-field gel, BioAnalyzer, or TapeStation to visualize DNA quality and length before submitting. If your sample looks degraded, re-extract the sample or plan for shorter read lengths.
Ship DNA in LoBind microcentrifuge tubes or LoBind PCR plates (Eppendorf). Pad and insulate your samples to minimize shearing during shipping.
For direct RNA submission, please contact us to discuss the guidelines.
We’re happy to help! Just send an email or call us at (206) 543-4048.
Please provide a sample manifest with all deliveries.
If you would like to drop off your samples in person, we accept delivery 9 am – 11 am on weekdays. For shipping, please plan for weekday delivery only, 10:30 am – 4:30 pm.* All samples should be delivered to:
University of Washington Nanopore Sequencing Core
c/o Miranda Galey
1959 NE Pacific St.
HSB I Wing 607-K
Seattle, WA 98103
*Due to building access limitations, deliveries arriving prior to 10am may be delayed by one or more days.
**Please do not ship samples without contacting us first.